Variety Adretta: tips for growing and caring for a potato queen
Adretta's potatoes stand out among other hybrids with high yield, good keeping quality, excellent taste, moderate crumbling. This does not exhaust the description of the variety's advantages. It is resistant to adverse weather conditions and many diseases. However, with relative unpretentiousness, potatoes still do not grow by themselves, but require care: watering - in drought, top dressing - in infertile areas, treatment - on contaminated soils.
The Adretta variety was bred by breeders of the GDR more than 20 years ago. This beautiful, crumbly and tasty potato with yellow flesh managed to break the stereotype that was then prevalent. It was believed that all varieties with yellow tubers are fodder. Adretta surprised gourmets with its excellent taste, and they began to grow it everywhere.
Now modern breeders have to break a new stereotype in order to promote other varieties. After all, it is Adretta who has been considered the best potato for many years in terms of economic characteristics: keeping quality, presentation, starch content, taste, ripening period, as well as disease resistance.
How did Adretta deserve the people's love?
The yellowish-beige tubers of Adretta are oval in shape. They are easy to peel as there are few eyes. In addition, they are shallow and shallow. The average weight of one potato is 125-145 g.
Light yellow pulp contains 16-16.5% starch, which provides moderate crumbling. When grown in one nest, 10–12 tubers are formed. The variety has an excellent presentation, retains its qualities during long winter storage.
The bushes of Adretta are developing very quickly. Tall erect stems with large leaves are formed. A characteristic feature of the variety is the light green color of the tops. And when snow-white fluffy inflorescences appear, potatoes become a real decoration of fields and vegetable gardens.
Tall, leafy bushes topped with lush white inflorescences
The tops are green for a long time and do not linger. Adretta is appreciated for its resistance to viral infections and for the amicable formation of tubers. Productivity - 21.4–39.6 tons per hectare or 200–400 kg per one hundred square meters. One bush can harvest 2–2.5 kg of tasty potatoes. The variety is medium early, the harvest ripens 60–80 days after germination.
Pros and cons of Adretta potatoes
The variety is not devoid of significant drawbacks, in particular, it is often affected by late blight, scab and macrosporiosis. However, the undoubted advantages overlap with individual disadvantages.
Table: advantages and disadvantages of a hybrid
|High yield||Sensitive to sudden changes in humidity|
|Great taste||The bush does not develop well in areas that are too dry|
|Cancer and stem nematode resistance||Disease propensity: scab, late blight, macrosporiosis, rhizoctonia|
|Low percentage of losses due to rot||Small and deformed tubers are formed in the shade|
|Frozen potatoes do not taste sweet|
|Can be transported at low temperatures|
|Rapid start of development, powerful tops formation, friendly tuber formation|
|Does not lose its commercial characteristics during storage, excellent keeping quality|
Preparing for landing
To get a decent harvest, you need to adhere to the recommendations for planting potatoes.
The place for growing Adretta should be sunny. In the shade, the stems will elongate, covered with sparse and medium-sized leaves, and flowering will be scarce. The weakness of the bush will affect the yield, the tubers will grow small, irregular in shape. The level of groundwater is of great importance. If it is taller than 1–1.5 m, another site should be found. If there is no alternative, you will have to fill in the beds.
Adretta loves loose, moisture-absorbing and fertile soil. In terms of structure, sandy loam, sod-podzolic soils and light loam are well suited. Fertility can be replenished by applying fertilizers.
Fertilizers during autumn digging
In the fall, one of the following mixtures is applied to 1 m²:
- 1 tsp potassium sulfate, 1 tbsp. superphosphate, 1 glass of wood ash;
- 2 tbsp. Nitrofoski, 1 glass of ash.
Loamy soils must be fertilized with humus or peat: 10 liters per 1 m². You can not bring fresh manure under Adretta. The taste of potatoes deteriorates, the plant becomes infected with late blight and scab. It is recommended to use only rotted (last year) organic matter.
Video: what fertilizers to apply in the fall if potatoes are planned to be planted in spring
Fertilizers in spring
If in the fall there were no mineral fertilizers and organic matter available, then the process of increasing soil fertility can be postponed until the spring. The most effective is the introduction of nutrient mixtures into the well. Each tuber receives a complete diet. The norms are as follows:
- 2 cups of humus, 2 tsp superphosphate;
- 1 tbsp. Nitrophoska, half a glass of ash.
The planting depth of fertilizers is 15 cm.
Complex fertilizers are sold, including those for cultivation in specific regions, for example, Kemira, Siberian Giant and others. These mixtures, in addition to nitrogen, potassium and phosphorus, contain magnesium, manganese, boron and other trace elements important for potato growth.
Siderata instead of fertilizers
Now, instead of manure in the fields and gardens, they began to actively use green manure. These plants are sown either after harvesting potatoes or in early spring. As a result, crop rotation occurs, which is especially important when growing potatoes in one place for many years. But the main merit of green manure is the nutrition of the soil no worse than manure. Plus, there is a fight against pests and diseases.
Crucifers are especially good for the potato field:
- mustard white;
These crops heal the soil, prevent the development of scab, late blight, fusarium, rhizoctonia. They also scare away slugs, nematodes and wireworms. In addition, green manures are undemanding to the soil, quickly build up a delicate green mass, which is easily embedded in the soil when digging. In the ground, the grass "dust" quickly decays, turning into food for the tubers.
Cruciferous plants can be sown not only in spring and autumn, but also three times during the summer in the aisles. It is necessary to mow green manure and embed it in the soil before flowering. Otherwise, beneficial plants will turn into weeds.
Video: on the role of green manure in agriculture
Autumn digging and spring soil preparation
Site preparation should begin in the fall, even if you do not plan to apply fertilizer. Digging is performed on a shovel bayonet. The clod of earth does not need to be turned over and broken, it is enough to shift it. Weed roots are removed. In autumn, it is not necessary to level the soil with a rake. A hilly surface will freeze better, be saturated with air, and in spring it will be saturated with moisture from melted snow.
If the field is sown with green manure, they are cut and covered as fertilizer. When mowing with a trimmer, they are crushed into dust and do not create any inconvenience when digging.
If there is no electric mower, and the green manures have grown well, then you will have to chop the stems with a sharp shovel. Small plants are covered entirely.
With the onset of spring, as early as possible on the potato field, you need to walk with a rake and level the surface.
Seed tubers preparation
- Selection of tubers for seeds. The stage is relevant if seed potatoes are not bought, but are taken from the potato field during harvesting. For further cultivation, tubers are chosen from the most productive and necessarily healthy bushes. The optimum weight is 50–75 g (with a chicken egg).
- Landscaping. The selected material is kept in the sun for about two weeks, but not in direct light. For this purpose, a canopy, a veranda or a shed with windows are suitable. Green potatoes are resistant to diseases, unfavorable weather conditions and are not to the taste of insects and rodents.
Sprouted potatoes (after germination in the light, the tuber was placed in a humid environment), formed roots are visible at the base of strong sprouts
- Germination. Germination is especially necessary in regions with long spring frosts and short summers. Seed tubers begin to prepare a month and a half before planting in the ground. They are laid out in a thin layer in a cool (12-14 ° C) bright room. Once a week, they must be turned over and sprayed with plain water. Then they will not wither, and the sprouts will be short and strong. A week before planting, potatoes can be placed in a humid environment, for example, in sawdust spilled with potassium permanganate or finely chopped straw. Roots will appear at the base of the sprouts. If transportation to the planting site is to be carried out, it is better to do with dry germination. Delicate roots are easily damaged by mechanical stress.
- Prevention. The most popular way of disinfecting planting tubers of Adretta is treatment with copper sulfate for late blight (10 g per 10 l of water) and boric acid for scab (50 g per 10 l of water). The event is carried out a month before planting: sprayed or watered from a watering can. You can soak the tubers in the solution for 2-3 minutes.
- Stimulation. In stores you can find proven biostimulants: Vermistim, Maxim, Prestige. Each is accompanied by its own instruction.
After 3-5 years, Adretta's seed material must be completely changed, preferably for super-elite mini-tubers grown from original seeds.
Landing time and pattern
Young tender shoots of Adretta are afraid of return frosts in spring, so planting should be timed to the period when the night temperature is consistently above 0 ° C. Each region has its own climatic conditions.
Usually they are guided by blossoming birch leaves. It is believed that by this time the soil has warmed up enough, you can start planting. If necessary, hilling will help to protect early hatching sprouts from the cold.
The landing pattern for Adretta is 60x35 cm, some observe the ratio of 90x40 cm. Wide aisles will be well ventilated and warm, which will exclude the appearance of rot and other diseases. In addition, it will be convenient to huddle potatoes.
Adretta is drought tolerant, but good watering is the key to the highest yields. The moisture reserves left over from the fall and after the snow melts are quite enough for the emergence of seedlings and the beginning of the growth of bushes. Watering is usually started when the plants are about to bloom (budding phase) and finished 2 weeks before harvest. But if the weather is dry at the beginning of summer, then the first watering is carried out at the beginning of growth.
Table: Adretta watering rates in different phases of its development
|Watering time||The beginning of growth (2-3 leaves)||Budding phase||Immediately after flowering||2 weeks before harvest|
|Irrigation rates||2 l / bush||2-3 l / bush||3-4 l / bush||3-4 l / bush|
Top dressing Adretta does not differ from the traditional one. At the beginning of the growing season, nitrogen and trace elements (potassium and magnesium) are required.
After flowering, excess nitrogen in top dressing is dangerous. You can provoke the growth of tops, which will negatively affect the yield.
At the beginning of growth, in the budding phase, during flowering and immediately after it, it is recommended to do foliar dressing with active fertilizers with a complex of trace elements, for example, BioMaster.
Table: composition of dressings for different periods of potato development
|At the beginning of growth, if the plants are poorly developed||1 tbsp. urea or ammonium nitrate per 10 liters of water (0.5 l / bush)|
|In the budding phase||1 tbsp. potassium sulfate + 3 tbsp. ash per 10 liters of water or 1 glass of ash per 10 liters of water (0.5 l / bush)|
|During flowering||2 tbsp. superphosphate and 1 tbsp. potassium sulfate per 10 liters of water (1 liter per bush)|
Adretta's diseases and methods of dealing with them
Adretta is resistant to only some diseases. The risk of developing the rest increases if agricultural technology is not followed.
The disease affects roots and stolons, but is more noticeable on tubers. Dry sores are visible on their surface, which sometimes crack. The spots have a varied shape and size of 1–10 mm, often merging into a solid rough crust. Eyes die. Potatoes are poorly stored, and their taste deteriorates.
Dry sores of different sizes indicate a scab infection of the potato
Causes of scab include contaminated soil and unhealthy seed. The harmfulness of the disease is reduced if Adretta receives sufficient amounts of trace elements from the soil and with foliar dressing.
Scab control methods:
- observance of crop rotation (you cannot grow potatoes for many years in one place);
- using healthy planting material;
- growing green manure that suppresses scab (mustard, rapeseed, rape);
- application of complex fertilizers containing copper, boron and manganese (Bona Forte, Fertika and others);
- seed treatment with fungicides: Rovral, Maxim, Fungazil, Aqua-Flo.
The first signs of the disease appear already at the seedling: the leaves are covered with rapidly growing brown spots. On tubers, they are brown, depressed. The disease enters in the form of dark wedges or tongues. The consequences of late blight - most or all of the tuber becomes unfit for food.
A brown spot has covered most of the tuber, the disease has penetrated inside
Methods for the prevention and control of late blight:
- observance of crop rotation, the use of only healthy planting material;
- germinating seeds for the rapid development of bushes;
- treatment before planting with Maxim KS (it will also protect young plants from scab damage);
- loosening and weeding (weeds create a microclimate favorable for the disease);
- treatment before signs of late blight with fungicides: Ridomil Gold MC, VDG (used no later than the flowering phase);
- post-flowering treatment with Bravo, Revus, Shirlan preparations;
- chemical removal of tops 10–14 days before harvesting (for this purpose, Reglon Super is used), the preparation dehydrates the tops, it dries up, and a dense peel forms on the tuber.
Early signs of macrosporiosis appear 10–20 days before flowering. Small brown or gray spots with clear boundaries are formed on the leaves. In conditions of insufficient moisture, the tops wither, the whole plant dies without ever yielding a crop. Late macrosporiosis makes itself felt after flowering. The leaves turn brown at the edges, curl and dry out. The same disease can affect stems and tubers.
The neglected stage of macrosporiosis - the plant dies
Prevention and treatment of macrosporiosis:
- deep autumn digging;
- alternation of potatoes with other crops in one area;
- weeding and adherence to planting schemes (do not narrow the row spacing);
- heating the seed tubers in the sun: 2 weeks at a temperature of 15-18 ° C;
- treatment of seed tubers with biofungicide;
- spraying during the budding period and after 2 weeks with the fungicide Polycarbocin;
- treatment of plants during the period of active growth with 1% Bordeaux liquid (after harvesting, the soil is sprayed with a 3% solution of the same drug).
With this disease, even at the stage of seedlings, the underground part of the growing stem is affected by dry rot. Plants either do not germinate at all, or seedlings appear unevenly. In sunny weather, the leaves wilt, and in wet weather, a "white leg" appears on the lower part of the stem. The yield is reduced by 15–40%. Black dots form on the tubers - growths (sclerotia), you can also find small pits, in some places the peel is covered with reticular necrosis.
The surface of the tuber is covered with black sclerotia, pits and traces of reticular necrosis are visible
- you cannot grow potatoes after beets, cabbage, tomatoes, pumpkin seeds - these crops contribute to the accumulation of infection, the best predecessors are: winter rapeseed, corn, flax, oats, rye and cereals;
- seed tubers are treated with Maxim fungicide or Celest TOP;
- fungicide Quadris is introduced into the soil (according to the instructions on the package).
Adretta's pests: who are they and how to get rid of them?
Adretta is attacked by the same insects as all other potato varieties. For example, omnivorous aphids, cruciferous fleas, slugs, spider mites can attack it. But this culture also has “personal enemies”.
Table: potato pests, their description and methods of control
|Colorado beetle||The reason for the appearance of the pest is the permanent cultivation of potatoes in one place. Bright orange beetles and larvae can destroy the entire crop, or rather the tops. Warm weather promotes beetle breeding.||Help in the fight: Aktara, Commander, Dilor.|
|Medvedka||Insects of brown color, 5 cm long, dig tunnels underground. At the same time, they gnaw through the roots and stems of potatoes that they meet on the way.||Medvetox gives good results.|
|Potato nematodes||Microscopic roundworms up to 1 mm suck juices from tubers and roots. Potatoes are lagging behind in development, the leaves turn yellow, wrinkle. The result is a meager harvest.||The land is well cleaned of pests: corn, perennial grasses, legumes. Of the chemicals recommended, Tiazon, Heterofos, Carbation.|
|Wireworms or Clickers||The wireworm is a bright yellow thin worm, the larva of a black click beetle. Wireworms make passages in the tuber; during storage, potatoes often rot.||Wireworms hide in the roots of wheatgrass, so perennial weeds must be removed. Deep autumn digging will deprive the pest of the opportunity to wait for spring plantings. In the spring, bait is laid out - pieces of potatoes, carrots, beets. Of the chemicals for Adretta, Bazudin is suitable. It will also protect against the Colorado potato beetle and aphids.|
Video: garden tricks - how to get rid of the Colorado potato beetle and bear
Harvesting Adretta is the most enjoyable activity for the gardener, who himself selected and germinated seed material, processed tubers against diseases, planted, weeded and huddled, helped the bushes to grow and bloom. And now it's time to see the fruits of your hard work. It's time to dig out a delicious and beautiful potato, count the buckets, put them on the nets and count the nets again. After all, everyone knows the Russian tradition in the fall to tell each other in detail: how the potatoes were born, how many dug up and other details.
When to Harvest Adretta
How do you know when it's time to pick potatoes? Let's remember that Adretta is a medium early variety, 60–80 days after germination should pass before the maximum yield is increased. In addition, the feature is that the tops do not linger for a long time. Therefore, there is no need to wait for all the bushes to wither and dry out. The only exception is the case when the potato was sick, and to prevent the transfer of infection to the tubers, they used dissecates (chemical removal).
The harvest was great
Under normal conditions, it is enough to remember the germination time. For gardeners, the appearance of young potato sprouts is always a special and pleasant event. We count from that time 2.5 months and boldly take on the harvest.
How to dig potatoes
It is recommended to mow the tops 10 days before harvesting, leaving hemp 10-15 cm. This is necessary not only for the prevention of diseases, but also for the ripening of tubers. The peel becomes denser, less mechanically damaged.
It is extremely inconvenient to mow half-laid tops, it is undesirable to use chemical methods of removing the tops unnecessarily. Each gardener must decide for himself whether this procedure is really vital, and if the answer is yes, choose the appropriate method.
You need to dig in dry weather. Let the potatoes sit in the sun for a little breeze. No need to cover with tops! It is better not to use bags. The crop gets into them together with the ground, does not "breathe" and quickly deteriorates.
Immediately during digging or after it, but in any case, be sure to sort out small tubers, sick and gnarled, as well as damaged ones, before storing them.
Medium-sized tubers from the best bushes are immediately laid as seed for next year, planted for 2 weeks in the light and stored in separate nets or baskets.
Only whole, ripe tubers are sent to the storage for food. To heal wounds and ripen the peel, potatoes are placed in a dark, cool (12-16 ° C) place for 1-2 weeks. After that, you can transfer it to a cellar or vegetable store.
How to store Adretta potatoes
Adretta is also loved for its high keeping quality. It can be stored for a long time without losing its marketability. Even if the tubers are slightly frozen, their taste will not change. The crops are traditionally kept in well-ventilated cellars.
Reviews about Adretta
If the goal is to get a rich harvest of tasty and lying potatoes, then there is no better variety than Adretta. Of course, it is susceptible to some diseases and pest attacks. But these adversities are well known and easy to deal with. In gratitude, Adretta will delight you with both a beautiful view in the field and excellent taste on your table.
Dutch potatoes: characteristics and features of the variety, pros and cons, technology of planting and caring for the variety, photo
The essence of the Dutch method of growing potatoes is nothing new. However, the emphasis is placed on the competent execution of long-forgotten rules and conditions. The point is to keep deadlines as responsibly as possible and to carry out certain cultivation procedures. Domestic gardeners have never even heard of many of them.
The technology for growing potatoes by the Dutch is distinguished by the fact that when using it, it is necessary to focus on soil aeration. Good loosening and planting of potatoes using the ridge method will significantly increase the amount of the crop. Moreover, the Dutch make a very wide distance between the rows (from 70 cm).
Yes, because of this, it will be possible to plant fewer plants, but if with this method of growing from one bush it is possible to get 2 kg of excellent quality tubers, is this a disadvantage?
To get the same luxurious harvest as the Dutch, it is important to approach the process of growing potatoes with the greatest possible responsibility:
- for planting, potato plants of specific varieties are used
- planting material must be of ideal quality - the second reproduction (and there are no exceptions to this rule)
- you can plant potatoes in one place no more than 1 time in 3 years
- the soil is constantly fertilized, and this is done according to a special method
- planting potatoes must be treated with various chemicals, the purpose of which is to destroy infectious diseases and various pests
- tillage (in spring or autumn) is carried out in fairly strict terms, necessarily in accordance with a clear set of rules and requirements.
So that there are a lot of potato tubers, and their quality is impeccable, it is important to strictly observe the basic requirements and conditions. The technology is based on the rigorous execution of all steps, the use of the highest quality products and long, painstaking work.
All this is so important that if there is even the slightest doubt about any aspect of cultivation, it is better to refuse to implement the technology. This will not bring the expected results, and the costs of effort, time and money will be extremely serious.
Characteristics of the Ragneda potato variety
Above is a photo of the Ragneda potato variety, which matches its external description. The culture is of medium late ripening, shoots sprout 15 days after the planting material was laid. Root crops reach biological ripeness in 4 months. After 85 days, the tubers are at the stage of conditional ripeness, become suitable for consumption. Young potatoes taste the same as fully ripened ones. It has a more watery consistency, thin, unformed rind. The composition of immature tubers has a low concentration of starch, therefore, the fruits do not boil during the preparation process.
Ragneda potatoes are adapted to a temperate climate and are frost-resistant varieties. In case of damage to sprouts by recurrent spring frosts, the variety quickly recovers, freezing does not affect the level of yield and ripening times. Ragneda potatoes are a drought-resistant plant, the growing season does not slow down with a lack of moisture. The plant does not tolerate waterlogging of the soil, excess water can cause rotting of tubers and the lower part of the stems.
General characteristics of the variety:
- A tall bush is formed by 5 stems, reaching up to 85 cm. Stems are upright, thick, light green. With an excess of moisture, the foliage loses its elasticity and breaks easily.
- The foliage grows densely, the shape of the leaf plate is rounded, tapering towards the top. The surface is corrugated, with a shallow edge, with convex veins, the edges are even.
- The flowers are white with an orange core, collected in inflorescences in the form of a panicle.
- Root crops are rounded, slightly elongated, medium-sized, weighing 70-120 g. The root system forms up to 14 fruits, 90% of the potatoes in the bush are approximately the same shape. The arrangement of tubers is compact, the root does not grow to the side.
- The peel is thin, firm, yellow in color with a smooth surface and few eyes.
- The pulp is dense, juicy, light beige, the potatoes do not darken after peeling and at the cut site.
Its even, medium-sized fruit makes Ragneda suitable for mechanized harvesting. It is grown in large areas for commercial purposes and the food industry. In household plots, the variety is considered a favorite due to its unpretentious care, taste and stable yield.
Moisture-resistant potato varieties in the Voronezh and Belgorod regions
The black earth is famous for its excellent soil, which is loved by almost all plants. Growing potatoes in these areas allows you to get an excellent harvest. Therefore, many farmers are interested in what are the best potato varieties in the Voronezh region and other zones of the Black Earth region worth buying and trying to grow.
Agricultural technology of potatoes in the Chernozem region
The cultivation of potatoes in the Black Earth Region involves taking into account some of the features. The Voronezh region is located in the Middle zone, closer to the south. Almost 80% of the soil is represented by chernozem or meadow-chernozem.
This is the most fertile soil. The climatic conditions also allow the cultivation of many vegetables and high yields.
However, before planting potatoes, it is worthwhile to correctly select and regionalize the most suitable varieties.
What to look for when choosing a variety
When choosing a suitable variety, it is worth giving preference to those species that have already been tested by time and by other people. It is not recommended to choose tubers intended for the southern regions, because the result may not be the case.
Potatoes in the Voronezh region always grow excellent
Important! When selecting types of potatoes, attention is paid to its size, ripening time, yield, taste and ability to withstand various diseases.
Productivity is one of the important characteristics. It will be a shame to invest a lot of effort and get small tubers. It is worth considering their own abilities, it is better for beginners to choose unpretentious varieties.
It is recommended to pay attention to the timing of the ripening of the culture. Early ripening varieties with good care allow you to harvest even a couple of times a year. However, late-ripening potatoes are tastier and have a longer shelf life.
Resistant to moisture and disease
When choosing a potato variety for planting in the Black Earth Region and the Belgorod Region, it is required to take into account its ability to withstand prolonged rains. High humidity often causes the development of fungal diseases.
Therefore, it is also worth carefully choosing a species for its ability to withstand various diseases. It is better to give preference to varieties that are more resistant. In this case, the likelihood of getting a good harvest increases significantly.
Also, do not forget about the prevention of Colorado potato beetles.
It is recommended to pay attention to the size and quality of the tubers. Do not take too small potatoes, fruits with traces of disease and damage. It is better if there are from 2 to 5 sprouts on the tuber, such a plant will develop faster and more successfully.
Red Scarlet potatoes are ideal for these regions
The best potato varieties for growing in the Voronezh and Belgorod regions
The Voronezh and Belgorod regions have good and fertile soil. Therefore, there are quite a few varieties of potatoes suitable for growing. However, gardeners identify several of the best potato varieties for the Chernozem region.
The Excellens potato variety appeared relatively recently, therefore it is still considered new. The description is quite simple: the tubers are of the correct oval shape, covered with a yellow skin, the flesh is also yellow. The variety is mid-season and has excellent taste.
For your information! Excellence is often grown on an industrial scale for the preparation of various snacks.
This potato for the Chernozem region is able to withstand nematodes and potato crayfish. However, it is not resistant to fungal diseases. The green part of the bushes is affected, so it is imperative to carry out preventive treatments several times per season.
Read also How to gradually plant potatoes under straw in the garden?
Tubers need to germinate before planting in open ground. Potatoes do not like low temperatures, they grow and develop poorly, and are more often affected by fungi.
Red Scarlet potatoes were obtained not in Russia, but in the Netherlands. The species is considered early maturing, the crop can be harvested 75 days after the emergence of shoots.
Tubers are oval, even and covered with red skin, flesh with a yellowish tinge. Small bushes. The variety fell in love with its high yield and unpretentiousness. It tolerates drought quite well, producing 20 potatoes per bush.
The harvested tubers are well stored for a long time.
Potatoes are susceptible to late blight of fruits, as well as scab and other fungal diseases. Regular preventive treatment will help avoid unpleasant diseases.
Important! Unfortunately, Red Scarlet can lose its qualities and degenerate, so it is periodically recommended to update the planting material.
The Lorkh variety was bred a very long time ago, in the 30s. 20th century But he has not lost his popularity among farmers and gardeners. The tubers of potatoes are round in shape with beige skin and white flesh. The average weight of one potato is 75 g. The taste is pleasant.
The variety gained popularity for its unpretentious cultivation. Lorkh does not require special care and fertile land, it is drought-resistant and tolerates heat normally.
Important! Potatoes are very rarely infected with late blight, but they are less resistant to scab and potato cancer.
On the negative side, many attribute an increased starch content (20%), so the tubers can be boiled during cooking and frying. However, it is because of this that the variety is often grown for the production of potato powder.
Lorch potatoes are boiled during cooking
An excellent variety of potatoes. September is considered mid-early. The tubers are rounded, the skin is yellow, the flesh is white. The weight of one root crop is 120 g.
The variety is high-yielding, from 1 hectare you can get up to half a ton of potatoes. September is unpretentious to the soil, grows well even on not very fertile lands. The species tolerates sudden changes in temperature normally.
Potato September is resistant to late blight and potato crayfish, however, it is often affected by a nematode. Therefore, it is required to periodically carry out preventive treatment of bushes with specific means.
The Riviera variety is often used for industrial cultivation. The culture was bred by the Dutch. Potatoes are very early.You can dig up the first crop after a month and a half after the appearance of the first aerial shoots.
Note! The variety can be planted twice a season to produce young tubers.
The Riviera has a high yield, up to 12 tubers can be harvested from one bush. The fruits are covered with a light yellow skin, the flesh is creamy. The average mass of one tuber reaches 180 g.
Read also Influence of negative temperatures on cabbage
This is the most highly productive variety, but it is susceptible to many diseases, including fungal ones. Therefore, it is required to carry out preventive treatment several times per season.
Riviera potatoes were brought out by the Dutch
Zekura is a late variety. The purpose of the fruit is universal. Tubers are medium in size with a yellowish skin and flesh, the bushes are not tall.
The variety does not require special care, but it does not tolerate drought well, as the fruits become small. It has a long shelf life, lies calmly until spring, has a pleasant taste, therefore it is often used in cooking.
Potatoes for the central Black Earth Region are chosen depending on preferences. It is recommended that you carefully consider your choice in order to get a good harvest. It is worth considering the timing of ripening, the ability to resist diseases and other features of potatoes. Only then can you count on tons of potatoes.
How to propagate garden strawberries?
Breeding garden strawberries is not such a difficult task. However, it all depends on the method you choose. Garden strawberries can be propagated in three ways: with a mustache, dividing a bush and planting seeds.
The Black Prince variety can reproduce with a mustache, but he builds them up in small numbers and only in the first three years of the life of the bush. The essence of this method is quite simple: you examine the plant for the presence of a mustache with new young rosettes and choose those that are best developed. Then pin these sockets to pots of soil (these can be peat or plastic pots) and water well. After a couple of weeks, the rosette will have time to root well in a new place, and through the mustache from the mother bush it will receive all the necessary nutrients. It remains only to cut it off from the supply channel and plant it on the selected site, not forgetting about good watering. Garden strawberries planted in this way briskly start growing, and they do not need time to get accustomed, because they already spend all the time in the open air.
Mustache reproduction is the easiest and most reliable way to rejuvenate plantings in the beds and increase the number of bushes
Dividing the bush
Since the Black Prince variety will not share its mustache from the fourth year of growth, another method can be used - dividing the mother bush. Usually, for this purpose, bushes are chosen at the age of two or three years, but in the case of the described variety, the age may be later. The plant is dug out of the ground and divided into several parts, each of which must contain at least one full-fledged outlet and well-developed roots, where new roots must also be present (they are white). The resulting material is planted in the chosen place, watered abundantly and mulched.
This method should be used in spring or autumn, until the plant begins to bloom, or when it will gradually come to a state of dormancy.
Planting seeds is the longest, most painstaking and difficult way to propagate garden strawberries. However, if you manage to grow this crop in this way, you can safely consider yourself a skillful gardener.
Buy seeds in bags from reputable manufacturers, so you can count on the positive result of your enterprise. You can, of course, collect the seeds yourself, but they most likely will not retain varietal characteristics.
Do not forget to dive the seedlings of garden strawberries in a timely manner when they grow up
Before planting, it is advised to soak the seeds in Epin's solution - a couple of drops per 100 ml are enough. You can also soak the seeds on cotton pads to help them hatch faster. But usually gardeners practice direct planting directly into the substrate, which consists of humus (from leaves), river sand and garden soil (all elements are taken in equal proportions). Grooves are created in the substrate with an interval of 5 cm between them and a depth of 0.5 cm. Seeds are placed in these grooves (pre-moistened), after which they are sprinkled with a thin layer of earth. The container with seeds is transferred to room conditions and covered with glass. In the coming days, your task is to periodically pour water into the sump and remove the glass for ventilation. Usually, after one and a half to two weeks, the first shoots appear - it's time to expose the container to the sun.
When the first true leaf appears, the seedlings will need to be planted at a distance of 2 - 3 cm from each other, while slightly shortening the tips of the roots in order to accelerate their growth. When the plants have 4 - 5 leaves, they are again planted at a distance of 5 cm from each other.
Germinating seeds in peat pellets is a good option. The seeds are sown in the grooves that are in each tablet. All maintenance will consist in periodically adding water to the pan. In the early stages of their growth, the plants will be supplied with all the necessary nutrients that are in the tablets.
Growing garden strawberries from seeds has its own significant drawback: the plants are at home for a long time and when transplanted into open ground, they may not take root if hardening has not been carried out. This procedure is simple - first, the seedlings are placed near the window (in April, the weather is most often outside the window) or taken out on the balcony for 15 minutes. The hardening time is increased each time. Thanks to this event, garden strawberries will transfer transplanting into open ground without any problems.
Growing in peat tablets allows you to provide seedlings with all the necessary nutrients in the early stages of growth
Formation of determinant low-growing standard tomatoes
Standard tomatoes have a strong trunk; stepchildren do not grow in its lower part. The bushes are usually dense, low, with small fruits. This type includes Cranberries in sugar, Pinocchio, Balconnoe miracle and other varieties for growing in pots.
I grow these not for the harvest, but for pleasure and beauty. The plus is that you can sow early - in January-February, they do not stretch. Now, in May, tomatoes are already turning red on my Pinocchio.
I do not form these tomatoes in any way. I just cut off the lower yellowing leaves. If all the leaves are green, I don't touch anything at all, but this is in pots, when the tomatoes do not have immense ground under their feet.
If such tomatoes are planted in the ground or greenhouse, then it is imperative to provide a gap between the leaves and the soil - break off all the leaves touching the ground. The bush should be ventilated and not cling to any infection from the ground. Mulch is laid or tied under the recumbent varieties.
The best varieties of pepper for 2020 with characteristics and photos
Sweet pepper has a nutritious composition with many useful substances, for this reason, it is often grown in Russian summer cottages. When choosing seeds, summer residents pay attention to the characteristics of varieties. As a rule, novice gardeners are guided by unpretentious care. Not the last item also takes into account the volume of fruits per m2 of land. Paying attention to these points, you can get a good harvest.
Selection by region
The species is selected based on the climatic conditions of the region. The best pepper varieties for 2020, depending on the region, are not difficult to choose. For Siberia: Siberian Prince, Siberian Format, Siberian felt boot. All types of pepper are optimal for growing in a greenhouse or outdoors. Merchant, Montero, Pioneer are suitable for the Urals.
Winnie the Pooh, Health, Medal are cultivated in the middle lane. Early maturing are suitable for growing outdoors.
Each type of pepper has its own characteristics and ripening times. It is necessary to provide the vegetable with the necessary conditions for growth and fruiting.
For Moscow region
The Moscow region has a capricious climate, but it is suitable for some types of pepper. These include Health, Orange Miracle, Atlantic F1 or Agapovsky. Let's study their characteristics.
Table of varieties for cultivation in the Moscow region.
It gives 5 kg of yield per m2 of soil, grows in the shade and is not afraid of adverse weather conditions. Reaches a height of 1.5-7 m. It is necessary to pinch and form a bush in 1-2 branches. The fruit weighs 40-70 g
One of the most popular. The growing season lasts 100 days after planting, the bushes are medium with a lush crown. Fruits weighing 250-270 g, resemble a cube in shape. The color is yellow-orange. Yield 14-16 kg / m 2
Fruiting already 90 days after planting. The taste is sweet and juicy. The shape resembles an elongated cube. Weigh 450-470g
Accepts any conditions, grows up to 1 meter in height, has a lush green crown, Peppers are dense, weighing 120-130 g. The peel is thick, the pulp has a pleasant aroma
The climate near Moscow is characterized by high humidity and temperature fluctuations, so care should be taken appropriately.
For the middle lane
Central Russia is characterized by the features of the climate of such regions as in the Kaliningrad region, Yaroslavl, Tver and other regions. About suitable species in the table below.
Varieties for the regions of the middle lane.
Cultivation is possible in all regions. Mid-season, sprawling bush, cone-shaped fruits. Weight 200-300 g, yield about 6 kg cm 2. Not afraid of the vagaries of the weather
The fruits resemble a cone in shape, the height of the bush is 30-40 cm, the weight is 100-160 g, the length is 10-15 cm. It ripens in 90-95 days after planting, yields 5.5 kg of yield per m2 of land
Ripens early, the bush is low, semi-spreading, weight 100-150 g, length 8 cm
These species become accustomed to any climate.
For the Urals and Siberia
The Urals and Siberia have a special climate, the whims of which are impossible to predict. Here, long winters and short summers. With this in mind, varieties of early ripeness and undemanding care should be selected. More details about suitable species in the table below.
Sweet taste, increased yield, fruits weighing 115-175 g, growing season lasts 130 days, and harvesting can be carried out as early as 115 days after planting. It is not afraid of cold weather and does not require complex care. Gives 3-5 kg of harvest from 1 m 2 of land
The hybrid is resistant to frost, the fruits weigh 220-270 g, and sometimes their weight reaches 400 g. Length is 18-20 cm. The shape of an elongated cylinder
Suitable for greenhouse or soil cultivation. The bush grows up to 70-75 cm in height, the fruits resemble a cube, the fruit height is 10-12 cm
Differs in bright red color. The shape is like a cone. The fruits ripen 110-112 days after planting. From the site, you can collect 6.5-8 kg
The listed names have high immunity to the main spectrum of diseases of this vegetable.
They are also suitable for Siberia. In Siberian conditions, Latino F1, Maria and Fidelio F1 will grow just as well.
For open ground
New varieties of pepper appear every year. Open soil does not always allow you to plant what you want. However, today, breeders have developed suitable types of this vegetable.
Varieties for planting in open ground.
Ultra-high ripening rate, fruit, 10-12 cm long, weight 100-120 g, yield 7-10 kg per m2 plot
Average ripening rate, length 10-12 cm, weight 150-180 g, yield 12 kg / m2
Mid-season, ripens 120-130 days after planting. Length 10-15 cm, fruits weigh 550-650 g. Productivity 18 kg / m 2
Medium early, matures in 117 days, weight 80-90 g, can be harvested up to 15 kg / m 2
Ultra-early ripening, ripens in 89-100 days after planting, length 10-16 cm, weight 240 g. Yields a yield of 7-8 kg per m2
The harvest of these species is good and they ripen quickly, which is also attractive for gardeners.
Early varieties of pepper
Harvesting peppers in 2020 may have a high ripening rate. On average, this period lasts 100-120 days. All have a sweet taste and a pleasant aroma. Easily adapt to changing weather. Let's take a closer look at their main features.
Ripens in 120-125 days. Resistant to cold weather and infections, gives 6 kg of yield per m2
120 days of maturation, resistant to tobacco mosaic virus and wilting. Can collect 8-10 kgs m 2
103 days from the moment of planting, does not undergo popular diseases, gives 4-7 kg of yield per m2
140 days after planting, not susceptible to tobacco mosaic and other popular diseases, gives 10-14 kg of yield, juicy fruits, reminiscent of a pyramid
Ripens in 60-65 days. Resistant to any disease and virus. Fruits are medium in size, yields 9-10 kg of yield per m2
Bell peppers can be grown outdoors, depending on the weather conditions.
Pepper seeds of this type can be purchased at any suburban market or store.
Mid-ripening, called fruits that ripen for about 120-140 days. Usually resistant to pest infestation, they are immune to diseases. The shape, color and taste are varied.
Popular mid-season varieties: table.
Matures in 120-130 days, weight 130 g, elongated shape, like a cone, has a high immunity to any disease
130-135 days of ripening, fruits weigh 200-250 g, cylinder shape, length 30 cm. High immunity
It matures for 130 days after planting, resembles a prism in shape, weight 100-130 g. Good resistance to viruses and infections
Ripening lasts 125-130 days, weighs 180 g, tolerates cold snaps, at the beginning of ripening, the color is green, which, with time, turns yellow
Each variety does not ripen for more than 130 days and pleases gardeners with a rich yield.
The late ripening variety should be grown only in warm regions, because in other places, they simply do not have time to ripen. Such varieties are suitable for seaming, winter salads, and are well stored. They can be eaten fresh until mid-November.
Ripen under cover, does not require a garter. Cone-shaped fruits weigh 167 g, in the process of ripening, the pulp gradually turns from green to red
The fruit is drooping, yellow, the weight of the vegetable is 150 g, from 1 m 2 of land, gives 7 kg of yield
Produces fruits in various shades. They can be yellow, red or orange. The growing soil must be warm. The shape of the vegetable is flattened. With 1 m 2, you can get 5 kg of culture.
Fruits are large, in the form of a cone, weight 200 g. Ripe fruit is colored red. Gives 10 kg of yield per 1 m 2. You can add nitrogenous fertilizing, they will give additional growth for the bush, but at the same time, they do not affect the development of the fruit.
Ripens in 135 days, the fruits are cube-shaped and weigh 200 g. Has a high resistance to common diseases
The listed varieties are far from the whole range of invented late-ripening types of pepper. Any variety is used both raw and after heat treatment. Ideal for soups and main courses.
Best greenhouse peppers
Growing in a greenhouse is a little easier than growing in an open field, however, there are some nuances. Breeders have bred both pure and hybrid varieties. It is better to choose self-pollinated species, given that the greenhouse is a closed room, and the access of bees to it is limited.
The following varieties are grown in the greenhouse.
Early maturing, suitable for indoor or outdoor cultivation. Fruits are bright red in the shape of a cone
Can be grown under glass or plastic. Coloring light yellow, the shape resembles a cube
Star of the East chocolate F1
An early ripe hybrid, fruits are large, in the form of a cylinder, the color is dark brown. Gives up to 10 kg from 1 m 2
The fruits are red, the aroma is bright, gives 10 kg of yield per m2, the fruit weighs 130 g, ripens in 120-125 days.
Early maturing view. At the beginning of ripening, they have a light green hue, ripening becomes completely red. Resistant to wilting
The listed fruits have good keeping quality, which makes it possible to transport them over long distances.
The photo clearly demonstrates the view. As a rule, they are placed on the seed package. You should pay attention to them when buying.
Almost every region has a wide list of popular varieties that are attractive for their aroma and taste. They have similar characteristics, but differ in some care features. Here are the views shared by summer residents.
Recently I learned about the Atlantic variety. I don't really like hybrids, but I was pleased with this. One bag contains 10 seeds and they all sprout. There have been no losses yet. The vegetables are tasty, juicy, sweet, large. Stored for a long time. Used all summer in salads, soups and for pickling. Now, I grow them every year and have never regretted them.
Growing pepper near Moscow is a huge problem. You always need to select a variety that will not freeze. It is desirable that he had time to mature and did not contract any disease. We plant a lot of varieties, but the best one is Winnie the Pooh. They ripen early, although the fruits are small and not so juicy. From the early planted Health. It is attractive because the ovaries are formed even without a strong sun. The fruits are medium, but the bush is tall and has to be tied up constantly.
I grow both early and mid-season vegetables. Early adopters like the F1 Latino and F1 Cockatoo. They usually produce a good harvest without much hassle. They grow well and give large fruits. I regularly get 10 kg of harvest from 1 m 2 of a vegetable garden. The best, I think Agapovsky. It sprouts well and grows quickly. Seedlings grow well, disease-free. I don’t put in fertilizers. The fruits are large, bright red in color. Bushes are not afraid of cold weather, which is optimal for our climate.
Pepper is full of nutrients, vitamins and antioxidants. Planting it is not a difficult process, however, it is important to take into account the peculiarities of the climate in the growing region.