Black flowers in the garden and nature: 30 species and varieties with names and photos
Elegant, mysterious black flowers in floristry have become popular not so long ago. Increasingly, the colorful palette of garden plants is diluted with this deep, unusual shade. We will tell you about the varieties, features and meaning of dark colors in our article.
Special magic of black plants
Many centuries ago, a black flower symbolized fertility, spiritual harmony, the desire for self-knowledge. Our ancestors considered it a symbol of winter, which will certainly be replaced by a blooming spring. A little later, dark plants began to be associated with mourning, loss and sadness. They were also associated with sorcerers, magical mysteries, or even the other world. However, times and attitudes change, because black flowers have acquired a different meaning. Now they symbolize the beginning of a new path, getting rid of old habits, spiritual and physical rebirth.
Landscape designers advise planting crops of dark colors pointwise, making small accents in a group planting. Since their color is actually not black, the shade will play best in partial shade. In a strongly lit area, basic shades will take over, and under the shade of other plants, such flowers simply will not grow.
Elegant, austere cultivars go well with almost all horticultural crops. They look most advantageous with a light palette (white, pink, yellow shades). They contrast harmoniously with the silvery color. Perfectly complemented by bright, rich colors (burgundy, carmine, orange).
Video "Black flowers in nature"
This video presents the main types and varieties of black ornamental flowering crops.
Popular types and varieties of black flowers with photos
Wild dark plants are rare in nature. Many cultivars acquired a deep, dense dark shade thanks to the efforts of breeders. We will give a description of the most beautiful varieties and varieties below.
Viola Molly Sanderson
Horned violet with black-purple inflorescences about 50 mm in size and lemon-yellow, bright "eye". The height of the compact bush is from 10 to 25 cm. Flowering occurs in May-September. The flower can be cultivated as indoor or planted in the garden.
Carnation The Queen of Spades
An annual plant that blooms from mid-summer until the first frost and has an unusual clove scent. Stems are erect, greenish-gray in color. The Queen of Spades grows up to half a meter, throwing out semi-double buds 5-7 cm in diameter, dark eggplant color.
Dahlias Arabian Night
Luxurious tall flowers blooming towards the end of summer - early fall. The upright, sturdy stems form a shrub about one meter high. Spherical inflorescences are full, velvety, almost 25 cm in size. Petals are black-burgundy, brighten a little to the tips, becoming like embers.
Dahlias Veronne's Obsidian
Star-shaped, medium-sized dahlias, bred relatively recently (2007). They grow up to 0.3 m, bloom from the second half of summer to late autumn. Buds 5-10 cm in diameter consist of one row of reed flowers arranged in a circle, and tubular, collected in the middle. The petals are claret-black, the core is golden yellow.
Hyacinth Dark Dimension
An unusual hybrid of dark purple, almost black color, belonging to the early varieties. The length of the inflorescence-candle is 20-25 cm, the size of the bell-shaped flowers is 40 mm. During flowering, which lasts from March to April, Dark Dimension hyacinth emits a pronounced sweetish aroma.
Gladiolus Black Star
Perennial large-flowered variety 0.9-1.1 m high with long peduncles. Inflorescences 60-70 cm in size consist of 10-15 slightly corrugated buds. Flowering lasts from mid-summer to early autumn. The base color of the petals is red, brought to a black and burgundy hue.
Iris Black Dragon
A tall hybrid (about 0.9 m) with large, highly corrugated flowers with a diameter of 10-15 cm. The petals are velvety in texture, their color consists of three shades: ink, purple, blue. Black Dragon blooms twice during the season - in early summer and from August to September.
Iris Before the Storm
Another bearded iris up to 0.9 m high. It is distinguished by strong erect peduncles, on which 2-3 large buds are collected. The color is very rich, almost black, with a dark blue tint. During flowering, which occurs in July-September, it emits a delicate unobtrusive aroma.
Iris Mellory Kay
An annual hybrid of medium flowering time. Plant height is one meter, stems are vertical, fleshy. The inflorescences are strongly corrugated, about 15 cm in size. The petals are plush, the color of Burgundy wine with a deep eggplant hue.
Mellory Kay is best paired with bearded irises of white or lemon color.
Calla Black Star
Elegant large calla lilies of an unusual maroon shade with a purple tint. The height of an adult plant is only 0.6 m. The stems are erect, the same dark tone as the inflorescences. The leaves are green, with light specks and a dark red thin border. Black Star blooms from June to August.
Kanna Tropicanna Black
It grows up to 0.6-0.7 m, forming small bushes with a diameter of 20-30 cm. Inflorescences are fiery red, sometimes with a coral tint, strongly corrugated. Stems are thick, vertical, almost black in color. The leaves are large, embossed, dark burgundy color. Flowering lasts from late spring to early autumn.
A hybrid bred by Dutch breeders and named after the composer Francesca Landini. The height of the bush is 0.9-1.2 m. The buds are medium-sized, double-black. Burgundy-brown with a purple tint, dark petals frame bright orange anthers. Lily blooms in the first half of summer.
A tall variety, almost two meters in size. Stems are erect, fleshy, strong. Shoots are fleecy, covered with light green leafy plates. Inflorescences about 10-12 cm in diameter, burgundy brown with a chocolate tint. The core is light yellow. Flowering occurs in July-August.
Hellebore Onyx Odyssey
The hybrid was bred on the basis of a herbaceous perennial of the Buttercup family. A flower grows no higher than 0.4-0.5 m. Inflorescences are flat, up to 10 cm in size, consist of several rows of beet-black petals. The middle is light yellow, rather large. An early flowering plant that occurs in the first half of spring.
Petunia Black Cat
An original plant that blooms from late May to early autumn. Growing up, it forms a spherical bush with a height of 0.2-0.3 m and a diameter of about 30 cm. The buds are small, only 60-80 mm, velvety texture. The color is deep, black, with a burgundy brown tint and a pale yellow small "eye".
Peony Hatsugarasu Chu Wu
A tree-like Japanese peony more than two meters high. Branching dense leafy stems form a lush bush with a diameter of 1.5-2 m. The buds are open and lush, 20-25 cm in size. The petals are velvety, purple-beetroot, dark in color. The core is yellow-orange. Flowering occurs in May-June.
Primrose Silver Lace Black
Variegated bush 15-20 cm high. Umbrella-shaped inflorescences, consisting of several small flowers. Silver Lace Black has a rather unusual color: a bright yellow "eye", burgundy-chocolate petals and a snow-white contrasting border. Primrose blooms in the second half of spring.
Sprawling shrub with hanging branches measuring 3x3 m. Flexible dark shoots are densely covered with three- or five-lobed leaves of violet-burgundy color. It blooms in early summer, throwing out creamy white candle inflorescences.
To prevent Diablo from losing its unusual color, he needs a sufficient amount of light. Otherwise, its foliage begins to take on a greenish tint.
Rose Black Baccara
A luxurious French rose, bred in 2004. The height of the bush is 0.8-1 m, the diameter of the inflorescences is 70-80 mm. The buds are dense, densely double, velvety texture. The color of the petals is claret red, almost black. Blooms all summer long, emitting a delicate, subtle pink scent.
Rose Black Magic
Tall hybrid bred by German breeders. The length of the shoots is about one and a half meters, the width of the bush is 1 m. The inflorescences are lush, 80-90 mm in size, painted in burgundy-black dense color with a raspberry tint. The flowering period lasts from June to August.
Rose Black Prince
Large roses of the Black Prince variety have been known to flower growers since the end of the 19th century. Tall bushes measuring 1.5x0.9 m during flowering are covered with large (10-12 cm) lush buds of burgundy-red color. In bright sunlight, the color takes on a rich crimson hue.
Tulip Black Hero
An unusual hybrid with a height of 0.4-0.6 m.During flowering, which lasts from late spring to early summer, it throws out double buds with a diameter of about 80 mm. The petals are glossy, densely planted, dark beetroot dense color with a purple tint. Unlike other varieties, Black Hero does not emit a scent.
Tulip Cafe Noir
Late hybrid bred by breeders at the end of the twentieth century. The tulip grows up to 0.6-0.7 m. The buds are simple in structure with wide, blunt-pointed petals. The color is black and burgundy with a chocolate tint. Blooms in the second decade of May. During flowering, it emits a subtle delicate aroma.
Tulip Vincent van Gogh
Beautiful dark fringed tulip. Stems are erect, about half a meter long, fleshy. The inflorescences are simple in structure, 5-10 cm in diameter, with small fringes along the edges. The petals are claret-red, almost black, with a brown tint. Flowering occurs in late spring - early summer.
Tulip Queen of the Night
A hybrid of Dutch origin, belongs to the simple varieties. The height of vertical shoots is 0.4-0.6 m. Buds 5-10 cm in size consist of monophonic obtuse glossy petals of chocolate-burgundy color. The tulip blooms in late spring, emitting a pleasant floral scent.
Violet Halloween II
The second name of this flower is garden pansies. A compact biennial plant grows no more than 0.2 m. The flowering period occurs in early spring - early June. The flowers are small, only 50-70 mm in size, inky purple, almost black, with a bright yellow "eye".
Black elderberry Gerda
Sprawling ornamental shrub measuring 3x3 m. Stems are erect, densely covered with narrow elongated leaves with jagged edges. The shoots, together with the leaf plates, are painted in a deep burgundy purple color. Elderberry blooms with umbrella-shaped inflorescences of a creamy yellow or pinkish hue.
A very beautiful hybrid with a height of 0.6-0.8 m with straight, slightly pubescent stems. Leaves are lanceolate, pointed. The variety is distinguished by basket-type inflorescences, 30-40 mm in diameter, burgundy-red, almost black in color. The cornflower is characterized by long flowering - from the beginning of summer to the first frost.
Luxurious double flower blooming from June to late autumn. The length of the thin erect stems is 0.8-0.9 m. The inflorescences are dense, dense, about 12 cm in size. The color is deep black with a burgundy or purple tint.
Black poppies look great next to yellow-orange marigolds.
Indoor decorative phalaenopsis with a height of slightly more than half a meter. Depending on the hybrid form, the color of the black orchid comes with different tints - burgundy, burgundy, chocolate, purple or red. During prolonged flowering, the plant emits a unique vanilla aroma.
The mesmerizing beauty of black buds can be admired endlessly. After all, the longer we look into the depth of a dark color, the more unusual overflows and shades open to our eyes.
Annual garden flowers with photos and names
- 1 Annuals - what kind of flowers are they?
- 2 Mirabilis
- 3 Fragrant tobacco
- 4 Purslane
- 5 Dimorfothek
- 6 Lobelia
- 7 Heliotrope Peruvian
- 8 Mattiola
- 9 Morning Glory
- 10 Datura
- 11 Petunia
- 12 Snapdragon
- 13 Calceolaria
- 14 Gypsophila graceful
- 15 Eustoma
- 16 Phacelia
- 17 Calendula
- 18 Incarvillea
- 19 Nigella or Nigella Damascus
- 20 Alyssum or Lobularia
- 21 Limnantes
- 22 Ageratum Houston
- 23 Mignonette fragrant
- 24 Eschsholzia
- 25 Shadow-loving Cosmeya
- 26 Watch the video: garden annual flowers
It is quite possible to create your own paradise at a summer cottage in our time. There is a huge selection of decorative elements and plants of all kinds of shapes, colors and sizes to bring to life any, even the most creative ideas.
Making out flower beds or a personal plot, the best solution would be to use the flowers of annuals, the names and photos of which we will present below. Of course, there are a great many varieties, but we have prepared a small floral catalog so that you can get a clear understanding of what to start from when designing the design of your summer cottage.
Features of gatsania
Gatsania can be either an annual or a perennial plant. The height of the bush is about 30 centimeters. Basal leaf plates are part of the rosette, while the stem is completely absent or it is very short. Dense leaf plates can be greenish-gray or dark green and have a wide variety of shapes. On the seamy surface of the leaves there are thick silvery villi, they protect the flower from cold weather, and during drought they help to retain water. Inflorescences look like single baskets, which can reach 5-9 centimeters in diameter. They include reed flowers, which can be red, orange or yellow in color. They have a dark spot at the base, resulting in a circular pattern around the center, painted yellow. The center includes tubular flowers. There can be about 35 such inflorescences on one bush. The fruit is a hairy achene with a tuft.
Planting and leaving
Wild tenacious creeping unpretentious. It grows well both in the sun and in partial shade. It is also undemanding to the soil. But a lot depends on the variety. Ornamental varieties are sensitive to light intensity. But most varieties of creeping tenacious prefer partial shade.
In gardens, it is often planted in the trunks of fruit trees. Growing ayuga creeping drowns out any weeds.
Ayuga creeping is planted in loosened moist soil. At first, the seedlings need to be watered often so that they take root better. Further, watering is carried out rarely and only during a prolonged drought. The creeping insect easily endures the absence of rain for a month.
Seedlings of creeping Ayuga are planted in April-May, without fear of spring frosts. This is a frost-hardy plant that can easily withstand temperatures down to -10 ° C.
Caring for the creeping auga takes a little time and basically comes down to weeding it. The plant was not just called tenacious. Thanks to the stolon-like creeping stems, capable of rooting, it very quickly captures free space. If not controlled, it will quickly drown out all other plants. You can reduce the "appetite" of the creeping tenacious by making a barrier for it from special materials.
The growth of the aggressor is hindered by what does not allow him to take root: slate, stones, concrete, synthetic material.
Features of primroses
In areas with a temperate climate, the first flowers appear in April, and if spring is early, then in March. They finish blooming by about mid-May. Over the long years of evolution, primroses "chose" this very period, when there is enough light and moisture and there is no need to fight for them.As long as there is no foliage on the trees and bushes, the sun's rays reach the ground without interference and give energy to the plants. There are more flowers where there is an abundance of sun in spring - in deciduous forests, in meadows, forest edges, in the steppe.
In a "transparent" forest, pollination is easier - there is no hindrance to the transfer of pollen by the wind. For plants pollinated by insects, there is also expanse, since the bright yellow, blue, white color of flowers is noticeable at a great distance and attracts the first pollinating insects. And one more important factor - there is enough moisture after winter for development and flowering.
Many primroses are characterized by rapid development, early flowering - in just 1.5-2 months they form leaves, bloom, fade, bear fruit, accumulate a supply of nutrients. Before the onset of summer, the aboveground part dies off, in the summer the plant is at rest, and by autumn the organs of renewal begin to form, and in the spring the cycle repeats.
It is not worth digging up primroses - it is unlikely that it will work to simulate the natural conditions in the garden. For cultivation in the garden, varieties are bred, adapted to different climatic zones. The first messengers of the awakening of nature are good where they grow, so you can fully appreciate and admire the delicate beauty only in nature.
What is frost resistance?
This is the ability of a plant to endure the entire complex of stressful winter factors without dying. Namely, frost, precipitation, wind, icing, warming up, thaws, etc. in the period from late autumn to early spring.
What happens and how is it determined?
Speaking about winter hardiness, the following components can be distinguished:
- The ability of the plant to withstand the early frosts of late autumn - early winter.
- Maximum frost resistance. The extremely low value that the plant can tolerate. Determined by the variety.
- Ability to maintain resistance to frost during thaw periods. The plant becomes hardened and dies with a subsequent decrease in temperature.
- Resistance to strong recurrent frosts after thaw.
- Resistance to damping off when the snow cover is deep.
You can assess winter hardiness without using laboratory methods in the following ways:
- Ocular assessment of overwintering. In spring, the number of overwintered plants is visually assessed.
- Planting on different terrain so that frost-resistant plants are preserved on the hills, and in the lowlands they are resistant to wetting, damping and ice crust.
- Landing on a slope directed towards the prevailing winds. Helps to calculate plants that are resistant to the natural provocative factor - wind.
- Artificial snow retention: Snow is accumulated near the plants to assess the ability to resist damping off. Plants with natural snow accumulation serve as a control for counting the number of overwintered plants.
What other types of ornamental garden ferns are there?
Other ferns are good in canopies.
it golokuchnik three-part (Gymnocarpium dryopteris) and phegopteris binding (Thelipteris connectilis)... An openwork bedspread of delicate brittle leaves looks charming under the branches of conifers.
Common centipede (Polypodium vulgare) can also play the role of a ground cover plant, although this fern does not grow quickly, and it will take a long time to wait for the carpet.
Also found on sale centipede leaflet (Phyllitis scolopendrium) and its varieties. This is a fern, which normally has a whole leaf blade, similar to a long tongue. But the varieties look completely different: the corrugated edge or the split crown look exotic. The disadvantages include the fact that in severe winters the leaf freezes and, as a result, loses its leaves. It happens that the fern dies after winter.
Enchanting plants - adiantum. Unfortunately, there are not many species among maidenhair that are suitable for growing in our gardens.
it maidenhair foot (A. pedatum) and its varieties, as well maidenhair Aleutian (A. aleuticum)... The latter is graceful and gentle: whimsically cut leaves seem to float above the ground.
The "funnels" are majestic Osmund (Osmunda)... According to the description, this species of ferns is somewhat similar to ostriches. At the same time, unlike the ostrich, the Osmundas do not grow. All types offered on the market are suitable for gardens near Moscow. A special feature is that the leaves or leaf lobes, on which spores are formed, turn brown after sporulation.
And, of course, we must not forget the miniature "hill" ferns.
The easiest woodsia to care for - fragile (W. fragilis) and Elbe (W. ilvensis)... They winter well even in the crevices between raised stones. They can be easily propagated by division.
These photos show the types of ferns, with the description of which you have read on this page:
Using a loosestrife in the garden
From the above photos of the loosestrife and its description, it can be understood that this flower is one of the most attractive garden perennials. It has many advantages that make it a favorite plant for many gardeners. Among the many advantages of this flower, one can single out beautiful foliage, bright, spectacular inflorescences, long flowering, unpretentiousness to conditions of detention, frost resistance.
This crop can be grown in the garden, both in groups and singly. In both cases, it will look interesting and picturesque in its own way.
Group plantings are recommended near water bodies, in water at shallow depths or in clearings among low bushes. The best neighbors of the loosestrife are other moisture-loving crops, for example, marsh gladioli, gunners, irises, astilbe and others.
Above in the photo you can see that the loosestrife flower is used for arranging flower beds and flower beds of almost any complexity. Combinations of loosestrife with umbrella crops and tansy look beautiful. In addition, to achieve success in the design of the site, you can plant several different varieties of this plant nearby, differing in the color of the inflorescences.
When choosing neighbors for loose pink varieties, you should give preference to bright colors such as phlox or peonies. Varieties of rich tones will be in harmony with flowers of a calm color scheme. These are lilies, tradescantia, cereals.
When using loosestrife, it should be borne in mind that due to its powerful and rapidly growing root system, it is able to suppress weaker crops. For the neighborhood with him, you need to choose strong, unpretentious shrubs and flowers in care.
You can consider bright, interesting compositions in a garden with a loosestrife plant in the photo selection presented below on the page: