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Hibiscus indoors - Maintain, Repot, Cuttings -

Hibiscus indoors - Maintain, Repot, Cuttings -


Hibiscus, indoors, to try it is to adopt it!

Hibiscus, whether single or double flowered, is a tree native to Asia, but more often than not indoor hibiscus are of course more often than not hybrid plants from specialist European growers. IF flowers do not have a long lifespan, the indoor hibiscus when in good condition will flower most of the year. Often 2 hours of sun per day, a minimum indoor temperature of 18 ° C is enough to enjoy this magical flowering. The hibiscus rosa sinensis can grow to a significant size indoors, up to 2 meters, but of course, pruning it to the space you have will give it the right size. The shape, size, color of indoor hibiscus flowers will accompany you for many years.

See the article planting the hibiscus in the garden.

Botanical name:

• Hibiscus Rosa Sinensis Hybride

Type of plant

• Cycle: Perennial
• Foliage: Persistent
• Hardiness: Non-hardy plant / low resistance to cold (-3 / -5 ° C)
• Family: Malvaceae - malvaceae
• Harbor : Shrub
• Exhibition: Sun
• Plantation: Spring
• Flowering: All year indoors
• Rooting: Root system
• Culture Zone: 9b to 12 (see hardiness map in France 9b to 10)
• Origin: Tropical Asia / China
• Melliferous plant

Properties:

• The indoor plant suffers from the cold from 13 ° C.
• The plant exists in single, semi-double, and double flowers
• Hybrid Hibiscus can be flowered all year round under the right conditions of temperature, light and watering.
• Some varieties are easier to grow indoors, prefer “Camdenii”, “Paramaribo”, “Alicante”.

What soil for indoor hibiscus?

• Very light potting mix mixed with 30% perlite.
• Thick layer of clay balls /

When to plant it?

• Saintpaulia is exclusively grown, in pots, indoors.
• The plant should be grown at at least 18 ° C, this is where it offers the most beautiful and long flowering.
• For outdoor cultivation, see this hibiscus in the garden sheet

How to plant / repot Hibiscus indoors?

In pots for indoor cultivation:

• In a pot that will have to evolve with the dimensions of the plant ...
• Place a thick bottom of earthen balls in a pot no larger than the delivered root ball.
• Add a light potting mix mixed with sand or 30% perlite.
• Scrape the stump and place it in the pot.
• Tamp well.
• Water.

Indoor hibiscus, in a pot in the garden during summer, in mild regions:

• Remember above all that the plant appreciates mild temperatures to flower.
• Plan an implantation out of direct sunlight, at least not all day.

Indoor maintenance of hisbiscus:

Watering:

Watering of the hibiscus indoors should be carefully monitored.
• Water when the substrate surface is dry.
• The water used for irrigation should not be hard.
• Let the water spill into the pot and drain into the saucer.
• Remove the water from the saucer.

Fertilization, fertilizer input indoor hibiscus:

• From March to October every week.
• Add a liquid fertilizer rich in nitrogen and potassium.
Do not use fertilizer rich in phosphorus.
In winter, largely limit to once a month.

Repotting:

• Repot in winter, when the roots are sticking out of the pot.
• Place a thick bottom of earthen logs.
• Add a light potting mix mixed with sand or 30% perlite.
• Place the stump of the plant
• Tamp well.
• Water.

Multiplication:

• Hibiscus can be propagated by cutting.

When to cut?

• In spring, in April or May.

How to cut hibiscus indoors:

• Select a young spring shoot, on a supporting branch, of about 20 cm. It should not bear any sign of disease or parasite.
• Cut the young shoot in a “T”, keeping the small branch whole with a small 4 cm segment of the supporting branch.
• Remove the leaves from the cut on half of the branch.
• Prepare a pot half filled with sieving potting soil.
• Place the cutting.
• Fill with potting soil, tamping down well.
• Water well.
• Otherwise use a clean freezer-type bag to make a stifled cutting
• Close tightly with a rubber band on the pot.
• Place the pot in the light but not in direct sunlight.
• Open once every week to check that the soil is still moist and to allow the plant to breathe fresh air.
• You can transplant in the fall or the following spring.

Diseases and Parasites:

Temperature is of the essence for indoor grown hibisus. Indoor hibiscus is also prone to insect attack.

• Too hot or too cold can cause yellowing and leaf drop.
• Whiteflies, aphids and mealybugs very often attack the plant which should be treated - biologically - preventively.
• In case of attack, shower the foliage of the plant to remove any presence of honeydew and any insects before proceeding with treatment.

Varieties:

Hibiscus "adonicus"

This hibiscus produces large, single, bright red flowers. As often, the flowers of this hibiscus adonicus do not last long, but the flowering is renewed every day for many months.

Hib. "Sunny"

This 'Sunny' variety produces large, single, bright orange flowers. Flowering occurs from May to October. the flowers wilt within a few hours. "Sunny" requires a lot of light without direct exposure to the sun.

Hib. "Longlife Graff"

This hibiscus is very floriferous, it produces large single flowers of a fairly dense pink. Its flowers last a long time before fading, they are renewed daily from spring to autumn.

• There are still many varieties.

Quick sheet:

summary

Item name

Indoor hibiscus

Description

The indoor hibiscus allows when the shrub is feeling good to get flowers all year round in the house. The flowers do not always last long but their daily renewal allows spectacular flowering at least from spring to autumn ...

Author

Editor's name

Jaime-jardiner.com - THE garden media partner of the Ouest-france.fr portal

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Hibiscus: advice, maintenance, repotting and flowering

The hibiscus flower is reminiscent of tropical islands. This shrub has its place in the ornamental garden, but it will beautify any garden, whether large or small. However, there are many varieties of hibiscus. Thus, some are very cautious and do not last in winter. But its graceful flowers will delight your eyes from spring to fall. There are also indoor hibiscus that can be grown in pots. Outdoors, the hibiscus is best cultivated in gardens in the south of France. Discover all our tips for spectacular hibiscus!


Maintain your Hibiscus (Chinese Rose)

There are different varieties ofHibiscus x rosa-sinensis obtained after countless crosses between different species of Hibiscus. And for the record, it is in no way related to roses although it is nicknamed Rose of China. This shrub can reach between 2 and 4 meters in height after a few years. But for that, it is still necessary to offer him a very bright and devote some time to its maintenance.

Take out your Hibiscus in summer

This shrub pot can be placed outside to enjoy sunny days, on the terrace or balcony, provided it is sheltered from the wind and that he has a very sunny situation. It is therefore taken out at the beginning of June but it must imperatively be put back in the greenhouse, on the veranda or at home at the end of September.

Be careful, however, not to expose it to direct sunlight. We start by installing it in the shade, then in partial shade and finally in a sunny area. This way, the shrub will acclimatize perfectly to outdoor conditions.

We note that the scorching temperatures may not suit him. Above 32 to 33 ° C, it is reasonable to move the pot to a semi-shaded area that keeps a certain freshness. Under these exceptionally warm conditions, a misting of Hibiscus can be life-saving, in the evening or very early in the morning.

Water the Hibiscus indoors

The dryness of the earth being much faster in pots than in a bed, it is essential to be attentive to the water needs of Hibiscus grown in a tank, and moreover indoors. It should be watered more frequently during the growing and flowering period. The right frequency is watering every four days, the soil having to dry out slightly between two sessions. We must also ensure have a light hand because its roots should not bathe in water.

Watering is reduced throughout the vegetative rest period and common sense must be used, the irrigation must be adapted depending on the ambient temperature. The hotter and drier it is, the more water the shrub needs and vice versa.

But when the ambient air is too dry, the flowers fall very quickly, sometimes even before they have fully bloomed. This is the case when the shrub placed inside is located in close proximity to a window. If it is not possible to move it, it must be protected by a sheer curtain but also the pot should be installed on a bed made of clay balls or even small pebbles that we cover with water. The Rose of China will thus benefit from a slight ambient humidity, which will do him the greatest good.

Fertilize the Hibiscus in a pot

Under such conditions, the substrate is quickly depleted, requiring a regular fertilizer application. It is recommended to add a liquid fertilizer for flowering plants and shrubs to the irrigation water about twice a month during the entire flowering period.


Hibiscus: indoor or outdoor plant?

The peculiarity of this plant is that it can be positioned indoors or outdoors depending on the variety.

The special thing about the indoor hibiscus, called "hibiscus Rosa sinensis", is that it needs to be kept cramped in order to feel good. It is not recommended to want to repot a flowering hibiscus, which is the case from spring to late fall (flowering from May to October) as this could have a negative impact on it. The indoor hibiscus is a small shrub ranging in height from 40 centimeters to 1.50 meters. It fears the cold and especially temperatures dropping below 10 ° C.

Outdoor hibiscus is simply called "tree hibiscus" (hibiscus Syriacus ") but also sometimes" tree mallow ". The flowers of this tree, which can grow up to three meters high, unfurl like a trumpet from July to October. They develop at the base of the leaves, sometimes alone, sometimes in pairs. The outdoor hibiscus tolerates well down to -20 ° C.


From outdoor hibiscus varieties, let's quote Hibiscus syriacus 'Blue bird' with bright blue flowers with a red center, Hibiscus syriacus 'Helena' with white flowers and red heart, Hibiscus syriacus' Duke of Brabant'with double dark red flowers, Hibiscus syriacus 'Russian Violet' with purple mauve flowers 10 cm in diameter.

From indoor hibiscus varieties, you can choose Hibiscus rosa sinensis 'Agnès Galt', very floriferous, pink with a red edge, veined with dark pink, Hibiscus rosa sinensis 'Fiesta' with apricot flowers, Hibiscus rosa sinensis 'Scarlet Giant' with scarlet flowers, Hibiscus rosa sinensis 'Dainty white' with white flowers.


How to cut a monstera deliciosa?

Very easy to make, the Monstera multiplication is usually done by cuttings . This technique allows both to balance the mother plant, whose older shoots tend to tire, and to be able to duplicate monstera topics to infinity. The living room jungle is yours!

Material needed for cuttings

  • A clean secateurs
  • The cuttings taken from the monstera
  • A clear glass vase or bottle
  • Charcoal if you choose to cut the monstera in water (optional)

Technique for cutting a monstera in water

The cuttings in water of a monstera deliciosa is simple to operate, but there are a few basic rules that must be observed for the operation to be successful.

Choose and take cuttings

Take the cutting from your original Monstera plant going up the main stem: choose a sucker that has at least two leaves , and cut at the departures of aerial roots just below a knot.

Place the new monstera stems in the water

Fill a clear vase or glass bottle with clean, cool water. Carefully position the cutting in water , checking that the roots are always in perfect immersion. Please note: it is very important to renew the water in which the cutting is located, otherwise the new roots which develop will rot. So consider changing the water in your cutting about every ten days, or placing a piece of charcoal in it to purify the water.

Wait (patiently) for the new roots to appear

Place your cutting pot in a bright place but without direct sunlight, near a window for example, and arm yourself with a little patience. After two weeks, you will see the first roots take shape in the water of your beautiful monstera cutting ! It will take a total of 4 to 6 weeks for the root system be strong enough to be able to repot the new plant created. A little tip: wait until the roots of the young monstera have reached a length of 3 to 5 cm before removing them from the water for planting.

Cutting a monstera in the ground

You can also choose to cut your tropical plant monstera deliciosa directly into the earth. It is quite possible and also easy to achieve! To do this, proceed as follows:

  • Take your cutting as described above in step 1.
  • Instead of placing it in water, prepare a pot with potting soil for green plants , mixed with draining material such as sand or peat.
  • Cover your pot with a plastic bag with holes to create a mini greenhouse , conducive to the development of new roots in a always wet substrate .
  • Place your cutting pot in a temperate environment and bright from your home.
  • When new growth appears, you can repot your new monstera in a larger pot.


How to properly maintain your hibiscus?

Outdoor hibiscus requires mulching to be protected from the frost it fears. Just before spring, we will prune it by removing the dead wood in order to give it a nice shape. The same will be done with the indoor hibiscus to promote good staying power and the appearance of flowers. Regarding watering, be sure to water the indoor hibiscus at least twice a week during the summer or the flowers will not hold up.