Aubrieta: growing from seeds, planting and care in the open field, photo
Plant obrieta (lat.Aubrieta), or aubretia, belongs to the genus of creeping evergreen herbaceous perennial flowering plants of the Cabbage family, numbering 12 species. Aubriet is grown in rock gardens and gardens throughout Europe, and in nature it can be found in the Balkans, Italy, southern France, Asia Minor and even South America, where it lives on rocks and river banks. The flower received its Latin name in honor of the French artist Claude Aubrier, who worked in the genre of botanical illustration, and we call it ... windbag.
Blooming Aubrieta is a bright solid carpet. A characteristic feature of the plant is that it retains its beautiful foliage even in winter.
Planting and caring for your shaved
- Landing: sowing seeds in open ground - in May or September. Sowing seeds for seedlings - at the end of February, planting seedlings in open ground - in the second half of May.
- Bloom: from mid-spring to early summer, blooms again in autumn.
- Lighting: bright sunlight.
- The soil: scarce, even stony, but loose and permeable, containing peat or ash, with a pH of 6.0-7.0.
- Watering: moderate at the beginning and scanty as the plant develops. It is best to use the sprinkler method.
- Top dressing: before flowering - with a solution of complete mineral fertilizer for flowering perennials; during the season, the soil is mulched 2-3 times with a layer of organic matter 3-5 cm thick.
- Cropping: after the first flowering, the stems are cut at the level of the surface of the plot to stimulate the growth of new shoots.
- Reproduction: seeds and cuttings.
- Pests: aphid.
- Diseases: root rot, powdery mildew.
Read more about growing obriety below.
Aubriet flower has a regular leaf arrangement, the edges of its small, simple elliptical or obovate pubescent leaves are whole or serrated. Small four-petal flowers of aubriet, reaching a diameter of 1 cm, purple, purple, red-pink, blue, and sometimes white, are collected in few-flowered racemose inflorescences. Aubriet blooms profusely and for a long time - from mid-spring to early summer. In the fall, with proper care, it blooms again. The fruit of the plant is a pod with flat brown seeds.
We dedicated this article to a story about how to plant and care for shaved in the open field: how to plant shaved on seedlings, how to grow shaved on the windowsill, when and how to transplant shaved flowers on a flower bed. You will learn all about the breeding methods of Aubriet, as well as about diseases and pests that can threaten her.
Growing Aubriets from seeds
How to sow seeds
Aubrieta reproduces well by seed method - seedling and seedless, however, growing Arieta by sowing seeds directly into the ground in May or September often leads to the splitting of varieties. That is why we recommend you the seedling method as a more reliable one. Aubrieta from seeds blooms only in the second year. Aubriet seeds can be purchased at any flower shop.
When to sow shaved seeds for seedlings? About two or two and a half months before the onset of heat - at the end of February. How to sow shaved? Sowing seeds is carried out in separate containers - peat tablets or peat-humus pots, in which you will then have to plant the seedlings in the ground. Seeds of 2-3 pieces are laid out on the surface of a wet substrate, covered with a layer of sand 3-5 mm thick, moisten this sandy pillow from a fine spray and place the crops under film or glass. The optimum temperature for seed germination is 18-21 ºC.
Cultivation of Abris from seeds is a simple process. Air the crops daily, moisten the soil as needed. Seedlings usually appear in 3-4 weeks, and as soon as this happens, the cover can be removed. Be careful with watering: Aubriet seedlings do not like wet soil. Two weeks before planting in open ground, if it seems to you that the seedlings are developing too slowly, feed the seedlings with a solution of complex mineral fertilizers in a weak concentration.
The plant does not tolerate transplanting very well, so growing aubriets at home from seeds does not imply a pick. In order to avoid an intermediate transplant of seedlings - picking - we recommended sowing seeds for seedlings in separate containers.
Planting aubriets in open ground
When to plant
Aubriets are planted on a flowerbed when returnable spring frosts take place - in the second half of May. Approach the choice of the site very responsibly: the aubriet in the garden should receive maximum sunlight - only then you can see the truly abundant bloom of the aubriet.
As for the soil, in this respect everything is very simple: the poorer the soil, the better for the plant. Aubrieta grows beautifully between stone steps and concrete slabs. The soil should be loose, water-permeable and contain a small amount of ash or peat. As for the level of acidity, a neutral or slightly alkaline soil is preferable - pH 6.0-7.0.
How to plant
The plant is plastic shaved, so you can plant it in accordance with your idea of how your flower bed or rock garden should look like. The planting depth is determined by the length of the root system of the plant, the width of the holes is twice as large as the container in which the seedling grows. The distance between the specimens is at least 5 cm.
If you grew seedlings in a ceramic or plastic container, place them in water before planting and keep them until bubbles begin to appear on the surface of the soil - after that, carefully remove the plant with an earthen clod and lower it into the hole. After planting, compact the soil, cover it with 5 cm of sand and water gently.
Shaving care in the garden
Growing an Aubriet flower is not burdensome and enjoyable. An adult plant needs watering only when a prolonged drought is established. If you often water the Aubrieta in normal summer weather, then you can provoke an abundant build-up of greenery to the detriment of flowering. Young plants need more frequent watering than mature ones, but even here you need to observe moderation. The best way to water the shaved plant is by sprinkling. After watering or rains, the soil in the flower bed must be loosened and weeded.
During the growing season, it is recommended to mulch the soil on the flower bed 2-3 times with a layer of sand 3-5 cm thick. In the spring, before flowering, and in the fall, the aubriet is fed with a solution of complete mineral fertilizer for perennial flowering plants.
Caring for a shaved plant involves pruning the plant after spring flowering almost to the level of the surface of the site - this measure promotes the growth of new shoots with fresh, bright foliage, which will be an excellent background for other flowers in a flower bed or in a rock garden until it is time for the re-flowering of the shaved ...
Reproduction of obriety
As you can see, planting and caring for an Aubriet flower is not difficult and does not require much effort. The plant propagates simply by cuttings and seeds. We have already told you about the seedling method of growing aubriets. But experienced gardeners prefer to sow aubrieta directly on the flower bed.
Seeds are sown in well-moistened soil, dug to a depth of 15 cm, cleared of stones and weeds and filled with complex fertilizer, wood ash and lime (chalk). Sowing is not done too thickly, the seeds are not sealed, but covered with a layer of sand 3-5 cm thick on top, which is carefully moistened from a watering can. Spring shoots appear in 10-20 days, and seeds sown in September will only sprout next spring.
Another way of breeding aubriets is cuttings. After pruning the plant in mid-summer, you will have a lot of plant debris that you can use as cuttings. Cuttings (cuttings of stems without flowers) are planted in a greenhouse in a substrate consisting of equal parts of peat and sand, and at the end of August, when roots are formed, they are transplanted to a permanent place. Before winter, the seedlings have time to take root and get stronger. If winters in your area are too harsh or unpredictable, keep the cuttings in a greenhouse until spring.
Reproduction by dividing the bush is best tolerated by shaving in spring or autumn. For a plant, this is a rather painful process. It is carried out according to the usual scheme: the bush is dug up, divided into parts so that in each division there are well-developed shoots and roots, after which the parts are planted in prepared holes. However, no matter how hard you try, a plant suffering from any transplant is unlikely to recover from such a complex procedure as dividing a bush, so we strongly recommend that you use cuttings or the seed method of propagation of Arietta.
Pests and diseases
Planting and caring for a shaved one will not be a burden to anyone, especially since this plant is extremely rarely affected by diseases and pests. Sometimes there is an infection with powdery mildew, a fungal disease, a sign of which is a whitish coating on the leaves and flowers of the plant, which becomes brown with the development of the disease. As a result of the defeat of powdery mildew, the aubriet loses its decorative effect, its growth slows down, the diseased areas turn black and die off, the winter hardiness of the plant decreases. You can get rid of the disease by treating the plant with colloidal sulfur in accordance with the instructions.
Among the pests, the most dangerous for the aphid is a sucking insect that feeds on the cell sap of plants and spreads viral diseases. They destroy the pest by treating the aubriets with the preparations Fufanon, Karbofos, Arrivo or Biotlin. Treatment sessions can be from one to four - it all depends on the number of insects that have settled on the aubite.
In general, the aubriet growing between the stones is extremely rarely affected by diseases and pests.
Perennial shaved after flowering
How and when to collect seeds
For those who want to engage in seed propagation with Aubriets, we remind you that this method often does not preserve varietal characteristics in seedlings. But if you still want to get seeds from the aubriet, then after spring flowering, when you cut the stems, leave two or three shoots with ovaries on the bush, and when the seeds darken, cut the pods, hull the seeds and ripen them indoors or sow before winter in the way that we have described to you.
Preparing for winter
If after the first flowering, the experts recommend cutting off the shoots, then after the second, in the fall, on the contrary, it is advisable to leave both shoots and leaves for the winter and prune only in the spring. Under the snow, perennial aubriet winters well, but in snowless winters, with sharp temperature fluctuations, the plant can die, so just in case, cover it with dry leaves or spruce branches.
Types and varieties
In nature, there are twelve types of obriety, some of them are grown in culture. Such species as White Aubrieta, Croatian Aubrieta, Graceful Aubrieta, Kolumka Aubriet are not frequent guests in our gardens, but some species are more popular. For example:
Or Aubrieta deltoid - herbaceous perennial, reaching a height of 15 cm, with deltoid gray-green leaves with one or two teeth on each edge. The purple-blue or lilac flowers of plants of this species, collected in loose racemose inflorescences, reach a diameter of 1 cm. Flowering begins in May and lasts a little more than a month. In culture, this species has been since 1710, popularly called the "lilac bush". Its variety Bougainville with light purple flowers with an orange center reaches a height of 20 cm. Aubrieta deltoid served as the basis for breeding the most common species - cultural aubriet.
Cultural Aubrieta (Aubrieta x cultorum)
Or Aubrieta hybrid is a group of plants up to 20 cm high, wintering under the snow. They have small jagged oblong leaves, lilac or purple flowers up to 1 cm in diameter. Modern varieties of Aubrieta cultivated often have simple, double or semi-double flowers, they reproduce well by seeds. There are varieties that can be grown in pots, some are even suitable for cutting. We present to you the most famous varieties of cultural obriety:
- Cascading Aubriet - a perennial plant with flowers of blue, purple, turquoise, pink or red shades with a small yellow center. Leaves of a gray-green hue do not change their color all year round;
- Enchanting morocco - a lush and attractive plant with very large flowers for this culture - about 1.5 cm in diameter. Coloring of flowers - from blue to red and pink shades;
- Cote d'Azur - flowers of this variety, painted in the tone of heavenly blue, adorn the garden for two summer months, and in September they bloom again and bloom until the very frost;
- Giant waterfall is a mixture of varieties - purple, pink, red, lilac ... This winter-hardy perennial up to 15 cm in height reveals flowers up to 1 cm in diameter.
Popular in the culture and such varieties of obriety as Carnival, Doctor Mules, Don, Gloriosa, Wanda, Blue King, Queen, Royal Keskade, Triumfant and others.
- Read the topic on Wikipedia
- Features and other plants of the Cabbage family
- List of all species on The Plant List
- More information on World Flora Online
- Information about Garden Plants
- Information on Perennial Plants
- Information about Herbaceous plants
Sections: Garden plants Perennials Herbaceous Cruciferous (Cabbage, Cabbage) Flowering Plants on O
Description of the plant
When looking for a low cushion-shaped perennial, which in spring is covered with many bright flowers, we should be interested in Aubrieta (from the Latin name - Aubrieta). The plant is also called aubrieta and aubretia. With the help of shoots, the plant grows beautifully into dense pillow-like bushes.
Aubrieta grows naturally in the Balkans, western Turkey, the Caucasus, and Asia Minor.
- Height about 5-15 cm.
- Escapes - short, pubescent. Compact stems are superimposed on each other, arranged in dense clusters. The stem is short, 5-10 cm long, with strong branches.
- Leaves - elliptical, gray-green, winter-hardy, tiny in size.
- Flowers - small, collected in rare clusters at the top of the stem. Flower color: white, pink, purple, depending on the variety. Blue and purple varieties are more durable in the garden than pink or red varieties.
- Flowering date. The peak flowering of the old varieties is in April - May. New varieties can bloom in early June.
Most of the season, the plant is adorned with small green-gray pubescent leaves, partly evergreen. In the spring (in May), the aubrieta changes its appearance, completely covered with small, charming four-petalled pink-purple flowers. Then it looks most impressive, resembling a colorful pillow with flowers.
Flowers have a pleasant smell that attracts insects. Aubrieta is an important honey plant for bees that wake up after winter.