The Episcia plant is a representative of the Gesneriev family. Differs in unpretentiousness, therefore, has long won the interest of many flower growers. In nature, episodes live on the South American continent, as well as in Central America. Their genus includes about 12 species.
Episia can boast not only of its beautiful flowering, but also of gorgeous leaves, which, with their magnificent appearance, quite often overshadow the flowers themselves. At home, the episode is usually grown as an ampelous plant.
Description of the episode
Episia is considered an ornamental deciduous plant, but its flowers are also quite noticeable and good. The bush has a large underground stem, and its aboveground stems are slightly pubescent. The plant can also form whiskers and daughter rosettes. Leaves on short petioles are opposite. Due to the velvety (less often - smooth) surface and variegated color, they look very impressive. Each leaf stays on the plant for more than one year, so the bush retains its attractive appearance for a long time. Flowers appear in the axils singly or in a small bunch. They have the shape of a gramophone with bent petals and a variety of colors.
Episode. Flowering and leaving.
Brief rules for growing episodes
The table shows brief rules for caring for an episode at home.
|Lighting level||Bright, but not direct beams are required.|
|Content temperature||The optimum temperature is 20-24 degrees, but not less than 18 degrees.|
|Watering mode||During the entire period of growth, the soil is moistened abundantly using watering through the pan. In winter, the plant is watered after the soil has dried by a quarter.|
|Air humidity||The humidity level needs to be increased, but foliage should not be sprayed. To increase the humidity, a pallet with wet pebbles is suitable, or placing a flower in a terrarium.|
|The soil||Episode requires a neutral or slightly acidic soil. A substrate that includes peat, sand and double leaf soil is suitable. Charcoal or sphagnum is added to the resulting mixture.|
|Top dressing||During the growth period, the bushes should be fertilized twice a month, using half the dosage of mineral compounds or highly diluted organic matter.|
|Transfer||The transplant is carried out every year, in the spring.|
|Pruning||Pruning is carried out after the flowering of the bush.|
|Bloom||Flowering usually lasts all summer.|
|Dormant period||The dormant period is almost imperceptible, the bush does not lose its attractiveness all year round.|
|Pests||Scabbard, whitefly, as well as aphids, mealybugs or thrips.|
|Diseases||Loss of decorative leaves or lack of flowering if the conditions of care are not followed.|
Episode care at home
Episode prefers bright light, but the rays must be diffused. For a bush, east or west windows are best suited. In summer, the episode can grow even on the northern windowsill, but on the southern flower, shading from the scorching sun will be required. In this case, the windows are covered with a translucent cloth or covered with paper, or the flower is rearranged further from the windowsill. In winter, the plant is kept in a bright place. During this period, the northern windows for the flower will not work: its stems will begin to stretch too much. In this case, the plant will have to be highlighted. On the contrary, in the bright sun, the leaves of the plant may become smaller or turn yellow.
The foliage of the episode reacts to light and can form a kind of mosaic, trying to catch a sufficient number of rays. Because of this, ampelous plant species should not be moved or rotated once again.
The lower threshold for growing an episode is considered to be 18 degrees, but a temperature of about 20-24 degrees is considered optimal for its growth and development. The room with the plant can be ventilated, but in autumn and winter, the flower must be protected from cold drafts, and also kept away from heating appliances.
When watering, drops of water should not fall on the foliage of the plant, so it is easiest to water the bushes in the lower way - through the pallet. To do this, use settled and sufficiently soft water. In addition, it must be at room temperature.
During the period of development from the beginning of spring to the end of autumn, the bushes are moistened abundantly, as soon as the soil in the pot begins to dry out. In winter, the episode should be watered more moderately, waiting a couple of days after the topsoil has dried. Overdrying the substrate is almost as harmful as overmoistening it.
Episia prefers high humidity and grows best in greenhouse conditions. To comply with this condition, the bush can be kept in the terrarium or you can use a tray filled with damp pebbles. The usual way of humidifying the air - spraying - will not work in this case. Moisture should not get on the pubescent foliage of the episode, this can lead to the development of putrefactive processes.
You can also place the pot with the plant on a tray filled with water, but the bottom of the pot and the shoots of the bush should not come into contact with it. Another way to increase humidity is to cover the flower with a transparent bag after watering.
A slightly acidic or neutral soil is suitable for planting an episode. It can include sand, peat, and double leaf soil. Sphagnum or charcoal is additionally added to the resulting substrate. You can also use ready-made soil for violets. Before planting, a drainage layer is laid at the bottom of the pot.
During the period of growth of the episode, it must be systematically fed. For this, the plant is watered every two weeks with mineral compounds or organic mixtures. But when feeding, you need to use only half of the dose recommended by the manufacturers. An overabundance of nutrients will have a negative impact on the health of the plant.
The Episode requires annual relocation to a new container. The transplant procedure is carried out in the spring. A compact, low, but moderately wide pot is suitable for a bush. At the bottom, it must have drainage holes.
Before transplanting, the bush must be watered abundantly, then carefully pull out and examine the roots. The affected areas are removed and the sections are sprinkled with crushed coal. Young plants are moved by the transfer method, using a pot about 2 cm wider than the old one. For an adult episode, a container of no more than 22 cm in diameter is required. Bushes that are too old are not transplanted, but simply renewed, re-rooting their cuttings or rosettes.
Home epic is growing rapidly. To keep the bush neat and lush enough, it must be pruned after flowering. The rosettes separated during pruning can be rooted directly in the same pot.
The ampelous varieties of the episode with long stems are able to climb into neighboring containers and put roots in them. You can protect neighboring flowers from uninvited guests by placing a pot with an episode where it cannot reach them.
In order for the ampelous species to look most impressive, it is necessary that the first shoots of the bush do not hang over the edge of the pot. Such stems should be strengthened on a small (up to 20 cm) lattice support. Only after filling it can the remaining shoots hang freely from the container. To avoid exposing the stems, the stems of the plant are periodically shortened by half.
The dormant period is almost imperceptible, the episode does not lose its attractiveness throughout the year. Even in winter, the flower is actively developing if you provide it with sufficient lighting. Also, it is not recommended to lower the temperature in winter, this can adversely affect the plant.
Episode breeding methods
For propagation of the episode, cuttings or plant seeds are used.
The seed method is rarely used. For planting, use a sand-peat mixture. Tiny seeds are spread over its surface, slightly pressing into the ground. After that, the container is covered with foil and placed in a bright and warm place. The moisture content of the soil must be monitored by periodically spraying the surface of the soil. The film is briefly removed every day for airing. Seedlings appear within a month. They are slow growing. When a couple of real leaves appear on them, the episodes dive into small containers of 2-3 pieces. In the first year of life, such seedlings do not bloom.
Cuttings are carried out in the spring, when the episode begins to grow more actively. The easiest way to take root is the children, the rosettes that form at the ends of the whiskers of the plant. They should not have lateral processes. The end of such a stem is lowered into the water no deeper than 4 cm, or immediately planted in the ground. At a high enough temperature (about 25 degrees), the roots should appear in about a week. When propagating a flower through daughter rosettes, you can not cut them off, but root them as layering. To do this, the socket is instilled in the place of the fold, using an additional pot for this. The soil in it should be light and moist. It is important to ensure that he does not overcool. Apical cuttings or episode leaves are also suitable for vegetative propagation. They are kept in warm water until roots appear, and then planted in loose soil.
Young episodes are actively developing and require more frequent transplants. They are usually moved to a new pot about once a month.
Possible growing difficulties
- Leaves turn yellow - due to an excess of fertilizers or violation of the conditions of detention. An episode room may be too hot or dry. In addition, foliage can turn yellow due to overly bright sun exposure.
- Brown spots on the leaves - excessively cold water for irrigation. For the episode, it is necessary to use sufficiently warm and well-settled water.
- Drying out the tips of the leaves - insufficient air humidity.
- Foliage curls - certain varieties of episodes react in this way to irregular watering.
- Greyish bloom on foliage - fungal infection. May indicate too old sour soil or stagnant indoor air.
- Rot development - can occur due to low light, waterlogging or too low temperature, especially in winter.
- Lack of flowering - can be caused by several factors at once. Flowers will not appear if the episode is watered incorrectly: the soil in the container should not dry out. The lack of peduncles can also be caused by insufficient illumination, excess nitrogen fertilizers, low temperature or humidity. The content of the flower in winter is also important, when the episode slightly slows down the growth rate.
Diseases and pests
Frequent domestic pests (spider mites, scale insects, aphids, etc.) can settle on episodes, but this happens quite rarely. If insects do appear, the bush is treated with a powder or aerosol insecticide.
Types and varieties of episodes with photos and names
Mexican look. Episcia dianthiflora has two types of stems. Some of them are thin enough to form daughter rosettes. Young stems are light in color, but then gradually darken. Other stems are shorter. The foliage is closely spaced on them. The leaf blades are egg-shaped and small in size (up to 3 cm in length). Their color is dark green with a reddish vein in the center. Each leaf has pubescence. The flowers of this species are white, with fringes along the edges of the petals. At the same time, the pharynx is decorated with purple specks.
The modern classification assigns such an episode to another genus - alsobia.
Lives in the South American tropical highlands. Episcia cupreata forms a larger shrub. Its shoots creeping along the ground take root easily. The foliage is elliptical and densely pubescent. The length of each leaf reaches 30 cm and is 8 cm wide. From the outside, the foliage has an original color. It can include tones of copper, green or brown, with the veins adorned with brighter contrasting stripes. From the inside, the leaf has a red tint with greenish stripes. The species forms single red flowers. The size of their tube reaches 2.5 cm. Outside, the flower is red, and inside it is yellow, with red spots. Flowering begins in mid-summer and lasts until September. Such an episode has a number of varieties that differ in the color of foliage and flowers.
It lives in the same regions as the copper-red episode. Episcia reptans are more compact and have flexible stems. Its foliage reaches 8 cm in length. Each leaf is highly pubescent and oval in shape. The upper side of the plate is tinted in olive green tones, and the lower side in shades of red. Single flowers emerge from the leaf sinuses. Red flowers open on a red pedicel. On the inside, they are painted in shades of pink. Flowering of this species begins in July and lasts until autumn. The creeping episode is most often used as an ampelous one.
Everything about the episode on the Gardenia.ru website
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Naidjonka recounts her experience with growing episodes:
- I was presented with two small rosettes of the episode, they told me to put them in water for a week for rooting, and I did just that. Then I planted these two rosettes, already with small roots, in the ground. I want to say that I am delighted how this wonderful plant is unpretentious and elegant during flowering. Colleagues at work for a long time followed me on my heels and tearfully begged me to tear off at least a piece of this miracle (our team is large and mostly female, there are just a lot of flowers). Now, thanks to my generosity :), we have a pot of this charm in each office, and some have been planted in several pots. :)))
Episation feels better, has richer greens and blooms more often when planted in a bowl-type pot - low, but wide.
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Botanical description of amaryllis and hippeastrum
Amaryllis (lat. Amaryllis) is a South African plant, native to the Cape Province of South Africa, which is famous for supplying the world with many flowering endemics (plants that do not occur in nature anywhere except in a specific place).
Until 1998, the genus Amaryllis consisted of one species - Amaryllis belladonna (lat. Amaryllis belladonna), and later several more species appeared: Amaryllis bagnoldii, Amaryllis condemaita, Amaryllis paradisicola.
Amaryllis, Holiday cultivar. Photo: Orchard Nursery
Amaryllis bulb is large - diameter Amaryllis peduncle is leafless, leaves are green, long and wide, arranged in two rows. Leaves are formed in autumn or early spring in cold climates and die off before the end of spring.
The bulb produces one or two bare peduncles in late summer. The height of the peduncles reaches 60 cm. Each peduncle bears an inflorescence of funnel-shaped flowers. Amaryllis flowers from white to pink shades, are found in red and purple. The size of the flowers is in diameter, they consist of six petals.
Hippeastrum (lat. Hippeastrum) is a South American plant native to the jungle of the Amazon basin. The genus hippeastrum has about 90 species.The size of the flowers of the hippeastrum is the only major difference between the hippeastrum and the amaryllis. Amaryllis flowers reach 10 cm, and hippeastrum - 15 cm.
Hippeastrum was brought to Europe in the 16th century and has since been very popular among gardeners. Today there are about 2000 varieties of hippeastrum, but the most popular are about 200 species. According to the origin, size and shape of the flower, according to the flowering time, the hippeastrum varieties are divided into 9 groups.
There are not so many plants in the Gesneriev family that are valued primarily for their magnificent foliage. In this case, the episodes are a striking exception. The external appearance of these plants is quite recognizable - at a young age they are shortened rosettes of oval weakly toothed leaves from 5 to 20 cm long. Later, they have many mustache-stolons with daughter air rosettes, and the stem stretches and hangs over the edge of the pot.
The color of the leaves of the episodes is so varied that it is impossible to describe all the existing combinations. The most common shades in the color of their foliage are olive, light green, silver, golden, crimson, pink, bronze, etc.
Adult episodes bloom almost continuously. And although the flowers are medium-sized and do not last long, they add a bright accent to the plants, it is not for nothing that in English the everyday name of the episodes sounds like "fiery violets" - for bright red or orange flowers. In hybrids, flowers can be pink, yellow, white, blue and multicolored ...
Episode care is simple.
The main differences from the agrotechnology of Saintpaulia are that fire violets do not tolerate a drop in temperature. With a sharp cold snap or in a draft, the leaves quickly become covered with dry brown spots and die off.
In addition, episodes are more demanding on air humidity, although they can put up with ordinary room conditions. But if you put them in a greenhouse or florarium, the plants will fully reveal their potential.
Reproduction of episodes is easy: at any time of the year, a separated tendril with a rosette quickly takes root in a loose substrate under a shelter and after a few months turns into an adult plant.
Yellow in the garden
Yellow was considered sacred since ancient times. It symbolized the warmth and light of the sun. It was yellow that became a symbol of enlightenment and abundance.
Contrasting yellow is blue, complementary - greenish-yellow.
After white, yellow color most strongly reflects the light falling on it, thanks to this, it attracts attention second, after red.
Influence of color combinations on color perception:
against the background of red - it seems with a tint of green
against the background of green - acquires an orange tint
against a blue background - it becomes more saturated.
This color evokes in a person associations associated with comedy, joyful mood, playfulness, carelessness, the first spring flowers and the last autumn leaves.
Psychological influence of color.
Has a stimulating and stimulating effect. Used to cheer up, create a rainbow atmosphere. It invigorates, gives a feeling of happiness, charges with optimism. It is considered one of the most joyful colors of the spectrum. Promotes concentration and speedy decision-making. It is an antidepressant.
People who love yellow are characterized by high self-esteem, confidence and activity.
Together with other colors, it has the following effects:
yellow with orange-red - gives activity and cheerfulness
yellow with purple - gives elegance, a certain splendor
with green - gives freshness
with blue-green - soothes and gives a feeling of coolness
with white - awakens lethargy
yellow on black - catchy, bright combination
black on yellow - endows the subject with severity and anxiety.
Yellow stimulates vision, brain, nervous system, soothes psychoneuroses.
Suitable for highlighting shady areas. It is one of the main colors of the "hot flower garden". Yellow color has the property of making objects visually wider, as well as slightly more elevated. This property can be successfully used to decorate narrow and small spaces in the garden. It is important to remember here that adjacent colors will appear smaller in volume.
Plants with yellow, golden inflorescences.